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After pieces go through their first firing, or bisque, they are washed and sanded with fine grit sandpaper. Once prepped, pieces are dipped or brushed with glaze, and fired a second time. This second firing with glaze is what makes it food safe and gives it its greatest durability.


Glazes are created from formulations specific to the firing range of the clay used. Glaze chemistry knowledge is necessary for altering recipes to better 'fit' certain clay bodies or create a desired effect. All my glazes are made from raw materials which are the powder form of various mined and refined chemicals, sourced from various locations. An accurate scale is used to measure percise recpies. Safety precautions must be taken to avoid harmful exposure to particulates and chemicals that can absorb from the skin into the blood stream. Masks and gloves should be worn for this stage of the process.


Each piece is fired twice, once to get it to a less brittle state for glazing and the right level of porousness, and twice to melt the glaze. The pieces are fired in an electric kiln which means an oxidation atmosphere. The atmosphere of the firing affects the chemical reaction in the glazes on the pieces. The longevity of the kiln and its proper functioning depend on maintenance.

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